A root canal is a procedure helping relieve pain caused by dead tissue and bacteria found inside a tooth. If you are told that you need to undergo this procedure, you might be feeling a little apprehensive especially if you are clueless about what is involved in the treatment.
Learning what happens in a root canal procedure will help calm the nerves. In this article, we’ll walk you through the process and how it can keep your teeth from further damage.
What is Root Canal?
Inside a tooth, underneath the enamel and the dentin is the pulp, a soft tissue that holds blood vessels, connective tissue and nerves. When the tooth is damaged, the tissue can be infected and inflamed and if left untreated, it can cause abscess in the gums that can result to pain, swelling and even bone loss. Its symptoms can manifest as:
- Sharp pain
- Prolonged sensitivity to heat
- Gum swelling or
- Tooth discolouration
When is a Root Canal Necessary?
An endodontic treatment (root canal therapy) is required when the pulp becomes infected or inflamed. It can be the result of deep decay, tooth crack or injury. However, if the damage is severe and the treatment is no longer viable, your options may include extracting the tooth and replacing it with a denture, implant or bridge.
Nevertheless, if you are prescribed with a root canal treatment, here is what you should expect with the procedure.
Root Canal Procedure
Treatment is essentially a four-step procedure and is usually performed in two office visits with an x-ray afterwards that confirms success.
If the infection is too severe for direct treatment, antibiotics might be prescribed before initiating the treatment to control infection.
1. To start with the procedure, the dentist administers aesthetic to numb the tooth. After the tooth is numb, a dental dam or a small protective sheet is placed to isolate the tooth, keeping it clean and dry of saliva during the treatment
2. Then, with the use of special tools, the dentist drills an opening in the crown to access the inside of the tooth. From there, the diseased pulp will be cleared away and the inner chamber will be filed down to prepare the space for filling.
An antimicrobial solution may be applied to eliminate any bacteria and reduce the risk of infection.
3. After the chamber is cleaned and shaped, the dentist will fill it with biocompatible fillers, usually with gutta percha, a latex material used for surgical purposes. Then, the filler is sealed in place with an adhesive cement before a temporary crown is fitted in the opening.
4. Once the root canal is complete, you will organise your final appointment for restoration. In this visit, the temporary crown is ready to be replaced with a permanent crown or other alternative appliance to restore the tooth.
Root Canal Post Treatment Care
Even without a root canal, optimal oral care is a must. After the procedure, you might need to schedule another visit with your dentist to check-up on the treated tooth and to ensure that you are completely free from all signs of infection. This is in addition to your regular dental visits twice a year.
Root Canal Treatment in Miranda
If you need a root canal, Classic Smiles Dental can help you restore your tooth to its former glory. We also serve in other areas including Menai, Caringbah, Sutherland Shire, Menai, Jannali, Kirrawee, Cronulla, Sydney and Gymea. Book a free consultation today.
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